The Chief Architect of mRNA platform technology is blowing the whistle on the COVID-19 mRNA vaccines. And if he is correct, we are all in grave danger – and 16,000 of his fellow scientists agree with him.
“I think I may be the only one that has been involved deeply in the development of this tech that doesn’t have a financial stake in it…” explained Dr. Robert Malone in an interview with podcast personality Joe Rogan.
“(I’m speaking out) because what’s happening is not right. It’s destroying my profession; it’s destroying the practice of medicine worldwide; it’s destroying public health in medicine. I am a vaccinologist. I spent 30 years developing vaccines…I am personally offended by watching my discipline get destroyed for no good reason at all…” See mark 1:40:30.
However, those with a sizeable financial stake are the critics who would like to see Dr. Robert Malone shut up and disappear. These financial interests include the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF), the largest stakeholder in Johnson and Johnson, a leading vaccine manufacturer.
With an endowment of 13 billion, RWJF, like the Gates Foundation, was founded as a charitable health organization. However, this “charity” was designed to further the interests of “public health,” as seen through the eyes of its benefactor, none other than J&J. RWJF owns over two million shares of J&J stock.
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Zuckerberg Chan Initiative generously funded an article by The Atlanticthat attempted to cast Dr. Malone as a spreader of “vaccine misinformation.”
“It was a political retaliation intended to take me off the map,” Malone said.
Perhaps The Atlantic meant that in the same way a mathematician might use numerical sleight of hand or in the way a chemist might conjure up fake elements. Pardon the sarcasm, but you would never catch an accomplished scientist throwing his field under the bus, nor would you ever see a vaccinologist spread “vaccine misinformation,” much less the world’s pioneer of mRNA transfection.
Although I can’t be sure, maybe in another era, if paid enough, The Atlantic might also claim that Einstein spread misinformation when he spoke out against developing a nuclear bomb, essentially a product of his own discovery E=MC2.
Perhaps because of their marching orders to destroy Malone’s reputation, The Atlantic attempted to cast doubt on Malone being the inventor of mRNA vaccine technology. However, just as Professor Albert Einstein did not actually design a nuclear bomb, but remains the Father of the Nuclear Age, Malone did not actually design the COVID-19 vaccines but remains the Father of the mRNA Vaccine Platform Technology.
For anyone who may doubt this, look no further than any serious scientist researching mRNA. You will notice most pay homage to Robert Malone in their reference section. For example, after a five-minute PubMed search, I found a review article published in the journal Gene about mRNA transfection. Although Malone published his groundbreaking mRNA discovery in 1989 while at the Salk Institute, his work remains heavily referenced decades later, even to this day.
The article in Gene, published in 2015, states, “The method of transferring in vitro transcribed mRNA into mammalian cells was first suggested in (the) late 1980s by (Malone et al., 1989).”
Within a few more minutes, I checked more articles, and another published in 2020 in the journal Cells references the same Malone 1989 study as reference number 14 in the following link below:
Siewert CD, Haas H, Cornet V, et al. Hybrid Biopolymer and Lipid Nanoparticles with Improved Transfection Efficacy for mRNA. Cells. 2020;9(9):2034. Published 2020 Sep 5. doi:10.3390/cells9092034
Then the following study, “Synthetic modified messenger RNA for therapeutic applications,” also cites the landmark Malone study as reference number 100.
And still another article, “Nanoscale platforms for messenger RNA delivery,” cites the same Malone gospel as reference number 73.
Clearly, Robert Malone changed the world when he published his scientific breakthrough in 1989, and the repercussions of this continue to be felt to this day when it comes to the technology of introducing mRNA into human cells. A scientist would have to be either ignorant or corrupt not to notice.
Back in 1989, Robert Malone was a graduate student working in perhaps the premier gene therapy lab in the world, the famed Salk Institute. He explains how he made his mRNA discovery.
“We decided I would do my graduate work at San Diego…I started working in the laboratory of Inder Verma in the Molecular Biology and Virology Labs at the Salk Institute. This is a place where graduate students normally aren’t allowed to go. There were seven Nobel laureates at the time, plus Jonas (Salk), a really intense, competitive environment.
I carved out a little niche for my graduate work which was asking questions about how retrovirus RNA is packaged, and from that I had to develop a series of technologies to manufacture RNA and structure it, to eventually put it into cells…And being at the right place at the right time, asking the right questions, surrounded by geniuses, led to the series of discoveries that now provide the basis of the RNA technology platform that gives rise to these vaccines and ten issued patents – all filed in 1989.” See mark 3:01:51 to 3:00:34.
For the interested reader, the details and links to Malone’s patents, backstory, and subsequent publications may be found under the heading, “RNA Vaccine Inventor” at his website:
However, the bought and paid-for hit piece published by The Atlantic attempts to regard Katalin Karikó as the true inventor of mRNA vaccine technology.
They write, “One target of Malone’s ire, the biochemist, Katalin Karikó, has been featured in multiple news stories as an mRNA vaccine pioneer. CNN called her work ‘the basis of the COVID-19 vaccine,’ while a New York Times headline said she had ‘helped shield the world from the coronavirus.’ None of these stories mentioned Malone.”
Perhaps The Atlantic should have checked PubMed, the National Library of Medicine, rather than basing their article solely on CNN and the New York Times.
If they had, they would have noticed that even Katalin Karikó’s work relied heavily upon the work of her predecessor, Dr. Robert Malone. Like others who reference Dr. Malone’s groundbreaking 1989 study introducing the world to mRNA transfection, Karikó also pays homage to Malone in her reference section.
Her 2014 paper is entitled, “mRNA-based therapeutics – developing a new class of drugs.” In it, Karikó acknowledges that her work stands on the shoulders of Dr. Robert Malone in reference number 34, which reads:
Malone, R. W., Felgner, P. L. & Verma, I. M. Cationic liposome-mediated RNA transfection. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 86, 6077–6081 (1989).
Karikó correctly references Dr. Robert Malone. And unlike Malone, who does not have a financial stake in the mRNA vaccines, Katalin Karikó serves as Senior Vice President at BioNTech, which partnered with Pfizer to create the first COVID-19 vaccine. If the vaccine were to have dangerous adverse effects, you would never expect Karikó to blow the whistle on her own company. Therefore, Dr. Malone may be the last line of defense that the world now has.
He may be our most credible whistleblower.
While a graduate student at the storied Salk Institute, Robert Malone cleverly figured out how to get the unstable mRNA molecule into mammalian cells. Perhaps more importantly, he found a way to make these cells produce viable proteins based on the foreign mRNA’s genetic instructions.
The ramifications of his discovery were enormous.
If mRNA transfection, the transfer of bare ribonucleic acid into eukaryotic cells, could be done in the test tube, it was only a matter of time until it could be done in a living mammal, like a monkey. Then it would only be a matter of time until mRNA could be used to instruct defective human cells to make proteins that could potentially cure genetic diseases.
Einstein was similarly excited after discovering the enormous energy that could be derived from an atom. E=MC2 meant that small amounts of material could provide the needed power to light up cities, warm living rooms, and fuel industry. However, Einstein saw his discovery through rose-colored glasses until the government confiscated it for nefarious purposes. Suddenly Einstein was faced with his invention leading to a possible World War III and the end of humanity. Suddenly it occurred to him that he had created a monster – the control of which was now out of his hands.
To correct the situation, Einstein and ten others signed a manifesto warning of the dangers of nuclear weapons. And in 1954, a year before his death, Einstein admitted with great regret, “I made one great mistake in my life – when I signed the letter to President Roosevelt recommending that the atom bomb be made…”
Like Einstein, Robert Malone developed his most significant discovery while a youth in his twenties. But, like Einstein, Malone regrets that his technology has been perverted and used for money and power rather than to help humanity.
While Malone envisioned his mRNA transfection discovery to be used to deliver curative payloads into cells – so that genetic defects could be corrected, so that cancers could be cured, and so that life-saving vaccines could be developed, he never thought the process would be used for evil, to instruct cells to make a toxic spike protein, to be used as a way to make hundreds of billions of dollars, while other treatments were suppressed and millions died.
Malone explained that following his invention of the mRNA transfection process, he attended Harvard Medical School. For some reason, The Atlantic fails to mention that Malone graduated from Harvard Medical School as a Global Clinical Scholar – in the top 5% of his class. They also failed to mention that he served as the Editor-in-Chief for the Journal of Immune Based Therapies and Vaccines.
They also failed to mention Dr. Malone spearheaded the effort to create an Ebola Vaccine. Yet, somehow, the non-physician author of The Atlantic hit piece attempts to cast Dr. Malone as a vaccine skeptic.
For example, the author of The Atlantic article, Tom Barlett, wrote, “The irony is that, to audiences who tune in to those shows (that interview Malone), the vaccines are seen as a scourge rather than a godsend. No matter how nuanced Malone might try to be, or how many qualifiers he appends to his opinions, he is egging on vaccine hesitancy at a time when hospitals in the least vaccinated parts of the country are struggling to cope with an influx of new COVID-19 patients.”
The true irony might be that Dr. Robert Malone is turning out to be correct, that the vaccine and the greed of the medical-industrial complex that created it, has thrown caution to the wind and caused far more death and disease than we would have had without it, had the same medical-industrial complex not suppressed early treatment with repurposed drugs.
Mounting evidence shows the US government could have prevented more than a half million American COVID deaths through their CDC and FDA if they had not outlawed early treatment with hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) and Ivermectin. Yale School of Public Health Epidemiologist Dr. Harvey Risch outlines much of this in the following interview. And Dr. Risch also happens to be the Associate Editor of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute and Editor of the International Journal of Cancer.
If anyone doubts these figures, look no further than the case series that Dr. George Fareed and Dr. Brian Tyson conducted with their own patients. Using the Zelenko Protocol of repurposed drugs with the foundational three – HCQ, Zinc, and Azithromycin – they saved all of their 7,000 and counting patients who received the early treatment protocol.
By comparison, notice that the rest of Imperial County saw 792 deaths out of 33,986 cases using the CDC and FDA protocols recommending against ANY early outpatient treatment. Using statistics, one could infer that Fareed and Tyson working in Imperial County should have seen a similar death rate of 792/33,986 or 2.33%, which predicted 163 deaths in their 7000 cases.
Thus, Fareed’s and Tyson’s early outpatient treatment saved 163 lives in Imperial County alone. Multiply this by some 3006 counties in the United States, and you begin to understand why the same early outpatient treatment that Dr. Fareed told the US Senate about on November 19, 2020, could have spared so many lives.
Dr. Malone spent more than three hours with podcaster Joe Rogan, discussing precisely why he has spoken out against the most powerful medical-industrial complex in history and why the world needs to hear his message.
Malone summed up the consequence of the censorship and lockdown campaigns, “Medicine is being destroyed globally. People are losing faith in the whole system, they are losing faith in the scientific enterprise, they are losing faith in our government, and they are losing faith in the vaccine. What is going to be the long term consequences of public health when you have a large fraction of the population who wasn’t ‘anti-vaxxer’ before, that are now saying ‘Oh my God if this is how these people make decisions, (then) I don’t want anything to do with it. I certainly don’t want a jab in my kid.'” See mark 31:30.
Rogan added, “People have just decided, because they’re scared and because they want a solution, the pharmaceutical companies have their best interests at heart, and they’re not these machines designed to make money – and they sell drugs and the drugs are often beneficial, but their main goal is to make money – and if they can fudge the data, and move the numbers around, if they can delete negative consequences…” See mark 30:48.
Malone interjected, “Pfizer is one of the most criminal organizations in the world, based on past legal history and fines…And what do those fines include – bribing physicians.” See mark 30:21.
“It is a cost-benefit analysis in the industry about misbehavior. They are not grounded in the ethical principles that you and I, as average people believe in…They are about profit – return on investment, and furthermore, the overlords that own them, Blackrock, Statestreet, Vanguard, these large funds that are completely decoupled from nation states, have no moral core; they have no moral purpose. Their only purpose is return on investment – and that is the core problem here, and the fact that we as a society have become grossly fragmented, through social media, electronic appliances, the stress of what we’ve experienced – and this leads into this whole issue of mass formation psychosis. ” See mark 30:06.
I realized that Malone was explaining exactly what was illustrated in the recent Desert Review article entitled “Hospital Death Camps Exposed.” In the case of Grimshaw v. Ford Motor Company, Ford, fully aware of the dangers of its defective gasoline tanks, decided it would be cheaper to let hundreds of people die and pay the cost of the lawsuits than to recall and repair the vehicles.
Now, Malone is saying the vaccine manufacturers have also done a similar cost-benefit analysis on the potential mRNA vaccine calculus, and their decision, like Ford’s, is based purely on a cost-benefit analysis without any consideration for ethics and human lives.
Malone implies that we will be horrified when we finally hear the truth as it creeps past the censors and registers in us all. He describes a psychological phenomenon recently described by Professor Mattias Desmet that can mesmerize a large population into a type of mass formation psychosis. They will behave as if hypnotized and allow an authoritarian leader to commit atrocities to which they would typically not consent. See mark 29:00.
Today, many blindly accept a vaccine without proper testing or informed consent and place blanket trust in corporations and leaders with questionable intentions.
“A lot of us, when we listened to Mattias, said ‘that makes sense.'” See mark 28:40.
This comes from what happened in Germany during WWII. No one explained it better than Professor Mattias Desmet in an interview with Dr. Chris Martensen at Peak Prosperity. See marks 9:43, 22:22, 24:00, 27:37, 31:35, 33:10, 36:10, 41:00, 45:40, 47:30, 49:30, 53:05, 56:58, 59:45, and 1:01:30.
Malone summarized Desmet’s theory, “When you have a society that has become decoupled from each other and has free-floating anxiety and a sense that things don’t make sense, we can’t understand it – and then their attention gets focused by a leader or series of events on one small point, like a hypnosis, they literally become hypnotized – and can be led anywhere.”
In 1930s Germany, the others were the Jews, and the trusted leader was Hitler. In Russia, the others were the bourgeoisie, and the trusted leader was Lenin. Today the others are the unvaccinated, and I’ll let you figure out who is leading.
“And the people they identify as their leaders…they will follow that person – it doesn’t matter if they lie to them; the data are irrelevant. Furthermore, anybody who questions that narrative is to be immediately attacked – they are the other.” See mark 25:10.
“This is central to mass formation psychosis, and this is what has happened.”
There are ways to get out of it. But, unfortunately, we now have a situation of emerging totalitarianism which is a more significant threat than the virus. Malone explains that we are sick as a society and have to heal ourselves to come together. The antidote requires re-creating our social bonds and restoring human integrity and dignity into our lives.
Malone says we need to snap out of our hypnotic state. The solution is to treat each other with respect, rather than giving in to divisiveness fueled by our media and government against the unvaccinated. This is essential now that we realize we have been deceived at the cost of hundreds of thousands of lives.
Rogan explained this is precisely what Dr. Peter McCullough has already said. Rogan further explained that despite having recovered from the virus and having robust antibody levels, his friends are pressuring him to get vaccinated anyway.
Dr. Malone explained this would put him at higher risk.
“It puts you at higher risk. They are asking you to take more risk for your health, in order to join their club (the vaccinated).” See mark 21:50.
Rogan agreed, “It’s a tribal formation – and people who don’t have personal sovereignty, and people who aren’t confident in standing by their own thoughts, and objectively analyzing things outside of an ideology, outside the tribe…” See mark 21:42.
Malone declared, “There are two hills I’m willing to die on. One is stopping the jabs in the children. And one is resisting the erosion of free speech, which is the fundamental principle on which our democracy and our society – civilized Western Culture – is built on. See mark 18:00.
Malone continued, “Do you remember…when you felt sorry for the people in the People’s Republic of China because their Internet was filtered, they weren’t allowed free speech, and their government told them what to do and think?” See mark 17:40.
“And the next thing we all feel sorry about is the social credit system…wake up, folks.” See mark 17:15.
“It’s coming,” said Rogan.
Malone described social credits as being akin to a credit score, where each citizen, based upon their behavior, gets perks or demerits based upon the government’s rating system.
China already has this if one watches the video segment below. They are installing cameras at major intersections, and they have already installed facial recognition devices to monitor their citizens.
They are moving quickly to encourage cashless and electronic transactions to determine what each citizen spends money on, where they travel, and exactly what activities they engage in.
If the activities of the people are to the liking of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), the citizens are rewarded with low-interest loans, favorable housing, and even vehicles. If they are not, the citizens are not rewarded, and worse; some are punished or even imprisoned. See mark 34:45 to 36:00.
That is why Dr. Malone said, “wake up, folks,” because few see this coming as a consequence of the exercise of pandemic emergency powers.
If you think this is not the direction in which we are moving, read the recent Desert Review article about Bill Gates and his close associate, Klaus Schwab, founder of the World Economic Forum and his new alliance with China’s Xi Jinping and their plans to introduce together a “Great Reset” through establishing a “New World Order.” See mark 2:26.
Rogan responded, “If we give in to this, give in to vaccine passports, having an app on your phone that shows everything you are doing in terms of your medical history – and they’ve even offered people….extra credit…for having access to your browser history…” See mark 17:00.
Rogan said, “This may be the one subject where everyone loses – people on the left, people on the right, people in the center; everyone loses if they impart a social credit system…if that determines where we are allowed to live, where you are allowed to go, we’re all going to lose.” See mark 15:37.
Malone responded, “No, I disagree. The oligarchs win…”
“Welcome to the new boss. Welcome to the new overlords, guys. It’s your choice. I’m going to be dead…It’s our children (I worry for).” See mark 14:48.
And who exactly are the “oligarchs” or “new overlords,” you might ask?
Because you will never hear them mentioned on CNN or read about them in The Atlantic or even in the New York Times. I had to look up the term oligarchs. Because as a physician, I mainly studied science, not history. Oligarchs are a small group of people who control a country or group of nations, in this case, the United Nations and the WHO. They are usually totalitarian in their style, often fascist.
The difference between a fascist and a socialist is that socialists strive for sharing of everything by the people while fascists own everything and the people own nothing. Both socialism and fascism have a high propensity to devolve into genocidal situations.
Klaus Schwab sets forth his WEF plans in his book, The Great Reset, for anyone to read.
Harvard-trained psychiatrist, Dr. Peter Breggin, authored the book, The Global Predators: We Are the Prey and described in vivid detail the ultimate direction of Gates, Schwab, the CCP, and the globalists as we emerge vulnerable in our current atmosphere of authoritarian measures.
The fourteen people named in the article below are a good starting point in identifying the oligarchs thought to be responsible for the control and direction of our pandemic, and the clear and present danger they now pose in creating the Great Reset using technology in concert with vaccine passports and emergency lockdowns. See mark 32:40 to 34:40.
Beyond the long-term totalitarian existential threats, Malone discussed the psychological damage being wrought on our children today through the lockdowns. Malone warned, “The damage here is going to be with us for generations…This is deep, profound stuff. It’s way beyond myocarditis. And no one seems to care.” See mark 11:00.
“It is insanely dangerous to speak truth to power right now.”
What struck me through the entire Rogan interview was what Malone said that might have gotten him banned from Twitter. He called them “thought crimes.” He reported two tweets one about a video from the Canadian COVID Care Alliance about malfeasance associated with the Pfizer clinical trials and vaccine adverse events, and the second having to do with a post exposing the World Economic Forum’s overall strategic plan including links.
That’s the moment it clicked. It was not about exposing COVID untruths. They could care less. It was only when Malone tried to expose the World Economic Forum and Klaus Schwab’s totalitarian agenda that they de-platformed him.
Malone explains, “The other thing…was a link to a website for the World Economic Forum that lays out their entire strategy for how they manage media, how they’ve managed COVID-19, and all of their core messaging…” See mark 2:48:10.
After hearing Malone’s entire interview and listening carefully to what he was saying between the lines, I could hear Malone’s tone; that he did not want his mRNA technology to be associated with how history views the results of this Pandemic.
Many, including Dr. Peter McCullough and Dr. Harvey Risch, have observed that “history will not be kind” in their review of the medical establishment’s failure to object during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Some even feel this will be regarded as on par with the Nazi Holocaust in terms of medical experimentation gone horribly wrong, where subjects were never informed of known dangers that were censored and intentionally concealed.
Now I could more fully appreciate Einstein’s comment at the end of his life that his one major regret was recommending President Roosevelt construct an atomic bomb.
But at least with Einstein, one could more easily foresee the construction of a bomb. So here we have Malone, a talented graduate student allowed to work in the section of the Salk Institute that housed multiple Nobel laureates in addition to its namesake, Jonas Salk, who still walked those laboratory halls in 1989.
And in that rarified intellectual atmosphere, young Malone developed the mRNA transfection technique to modify mammalian cells. Malone could not have predicted that his invention would be used to create a leaky vaccine, one that caused the recipient to develop temporary immunity, but also caused the body to produce a deadly toxin. This spike protein would be associated with blood clots, strokes, heart attacks, myocarditis, and even sudden death.
Malone could never have foreseen that his invention would be appropriated by sociopathic globalists like Gates and Schwab to attempt to construct a global totalitarian society modeled after and with the full cooperation of Communist China.
I think history will regard Dr. Robert Malone as a visionary genius who developed the technology to cure disease. When he saw his invention misused, he applied all of his energy to stop it by alerting other scientists of these dangers. On his website, he alerted parents to the fact that with the mRNA vaccination: “a viral gene will be injected into your child’s cells. This gene forces your child’s body to make toxic spike proteins. These proteins often cause permanent damage in children’s critical organs…”
Malone convened the Global Covid Summit in Italy, got the word out about these dangers to the world’s scientists, and asked for their participation and cooperation in stopping the mandates.
Dr. Malone serves as the Chief Medical Officer to the Unity Project, a non-profit organization associated with Dr. Peter McCullough and Dr. Pierre Kory. Unity is dedicated to assisting a unified movement against the use of childhood mRNA vaccines.
Dr. Malone heads the International Alliance of Physicians and Medical Scientists, who established the Physicians Declarations I and II. These petitions acknowledge the imminent threat to humanity brought forth – not by the COVID-19 Pandemic – but by the harms wrought through inhumane governmental policies which violate norms of human rights, informed consent, the Hippocratic oath, and The Nuremberg Code. Some 16,000 scientists worldwide have signed these documents.
Dr. Malone continues to work tirelessly to get the word out in the face of seemingly insurmountable odds against him. He made this impassioned video for parents and attached a written transcript to reflect his words.
He is preparing to lead a March on Washington scheduled for January 23, 2022.
Today, history looks kindly upon Professor Albert Einstein despite his invention of nuclear energy, a great double-edged sword. However, Dr. Malone has done far more to stop the damage from his creation than Einstein. For that, regardless of the outcome, history will also look kindly upon Dr. Robert Malone, the Father of the mRNA Vaccine Technology.
Godspeed, Dr. Malone, for the future of Liberty and the Free World now depends in large part on you.
The Time for Silence is Over
A unified pushback against the globalist agenda
It’s finally here, the Global Walkout begins September 4th at 8pm London time and continue every weeks. Next step 4th June 2023.
One step at a time, hand in hand, we are walking out from the globalist society they are trying to enslave us into
ANYONE can participate
ANYWHERE in the world
JOIN or read about it here – https://globalwalkout.com
The third step is to unsubscribe from all mainstream media outlets. Delete the apps from your phone, laptop, and tablet and unfollow all of their social media and YouTube channels. Try to avoid mainstream media for at least one week, even if the headline is intriguing.
In the same time why not removing all the big tech tracking/spying/social credit system around you: (Youtube, Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Tik Tok, Google, Apple, Microsoft, Whatsapp, Zoom, Linkedln, Snapchat, Tumblr, Pinterest, Reddit, Myspace, etc.)
The fourth step of the global walkout is to move as many accounts as you can to a union or local bank.
If you like our work please consider to donate :
If you are looking for solutions (lawyer, form, gathering, action, antidote, treatments, maybe this could help you:
If you want to fight back better:
Find the others: www.freedomcells.org
Spike Protein Protocol
Glutathione (most important for body detoxification) or better
NAC = N-Acetyl-Cysteine 600-750mg (causes the body to produce glutathione itself)
Astaxantin 5mg (also improves vision)
Milk thistle (also liver and stomach protection)
Melatonin 1mg to 10mg (against 5G)
Alternatively CDS/CDL and zeolite
Dr. Zelenko’s Protocol contains Ivermectin, Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), Zinc, Vitamin D3, and Quercetin.
How to find the truth :
Search engine: https://presearch.org/, https://search.brave.com/, Searx (choose the server that you want) or https://metager.org/
Facebook style: www.gab.com or https://www.minds.com/
INTELLIGENCE ISN’T KNOWING EVERYTHING, IT’S THE ABILITY TO CHALLENGE EVERYTHING YOU KNOW